Notes for Class #3

  • Auguste and Louis Lumiere (The Lumiere Brothers) were the earliest filmmakers in history, showing their first screen projected motion pictures in 1895.
  • The Great Train Robbery was a 1903 American Western film that was 12 minutes long and is considered a milestone in film making.
  • 1903-1930 is considered the “Craft era,” because filmmakers started to try different things.
  • In 1927, The Jazz Singer was the first film to include sound and dialogue.
  • 1930-1948 is considered the “Golden era,” because film making started to become more of an assembly line. Hollywood would come out with approximately 52 films a year.
  • Vertical integration is when the production companies and studios own everything, including the actors. The difference between then and now is that today, actors work on their own and hire agents to help sort things out.
  • Horizontal integration is more about product placement, so that they get money as well from advertising and marketing, rather than just from the production companies.
  • Another difference between then and now is that before the auteur used to be the producer, but now it is the director who supervises the production of the movie.
  • Between the 1930s and 1970s, smaller theaters with less screens would play a feature movie and a supporting movie (or B-movie) that was only about an hour long and which would play before the “big” movie.
  • The “Golden era” ended because of divorcement, TV and the rise of the suburbs (too far from the movie theaters).
  • Polygram was the name of a major record company in Europe’s version of Hollywood. Their approach was less horizontal, because they would basically take any script that came their way and do it.
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